The death anniversary of Lal Bahadur Shastri is commemorated each year on January 11, and he is remembered as a national hero in India. He died on 11 January 1966 in Tashkent, Uzbekistan, just a few days after leading India to victory in the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965.
Lal Bahadur Shastri Biography and Achievements
Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of India, serving from 1964 to 1966. He was born on October 2, 1904, in Mughalsarai, United Provinces, British India (now in Uttar Pradesh, India). His father was a school teacher, and Shastri received his early education at home before attending the local high school.
Shastri’s political career began in the 1920s, when he joined the Indian independence movement. He was arrested several times for participating in protests and was eventually imprisoned for over two years for his role in the Salt Satyagraha of 1930. After his release, he became active in the Congress Party and rose through the ranks to become a leader in the party.
As Prime Minister, Shastri is best known for his leadership during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965. The war began after Pakistan launched a series of attacks on India in an attempt to annex the state of Kashmir. Shastri responded by ordering Indian troops to counter-attack, and the two sides eventually agreed to a ceasefire. Shastri’s leadership during the war earned him widespread respect, and he is remembered as a hero in India.
In addition to his leadership during the war, Shastri is also remembered for his domestic policies. He implemented several programs aimed at improving the lives of the poor and promoting economic development, including the “Green Revolution,” which increased food production in India. He also promoted the use of Hindi as the official language of the Indian government, and he encouraged the adoption of a simple and austere lifestyle.
Shastri died suddenly on January 11, 1966, while attending a conference in Tashkent (now in Uzbekistan). The exact cause of his death is not known, and there have been several conspiracy theories surrounding his death.
Famous Quotes by Lal Bahadur Shastri
Shastri is remembered as a humble and honest leader who dedicated his life to the service of his country. Some of his famous quotes include:
- “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan”
(Hail the soldier, Hail the farmer)
This was a slogan coined by Shastri during the Indo-Pakistan War of 1965 to encourage support for the Indian armed forces and to recognize the important role that farmers play in the country’s economy.
- “We believe in peace and peaceful development, not only for ourselves but for people all over the world.”
This quote speaks to Shastri’s commitment to peace and nonviolence, which was a key aspect of his political philosophy.
- “If we are to progress, we must learn to work together.”
This quote highlights Shastri’s belief that cooperation and collaboration are essential for progress and development.
- “We have to be fair to everyone, whether we like them or not.”
This quote speaks to Shastri’s commitment to justice and fairness, and his belief that these values should guide our interactions with others.
- “Truth alone triumphs, not untruth.”
This quote, which is from a Sanskrit verse, reflects Shastri’s belief in the importance of honesty and integrity.
Source: Times of India